Europako Mapa linguistikoa

Carte linguistique de l'Europe de l'Est

Linguistic map of Eastern Europe

Лингвистическая карта Восточной Европы

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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    Russia (104 living languages)
    1. Aleut (Unangan, Unangany, Unanghan)
    2. Abaza (Abazin, Abazintsy, Ashuwa)
    3. Adyghe (Adygei, Adygey, Circassian, Kiakh, Kjax, Lower Circassian, West Circassian)
    4. Aghul (Aghul-ch’al, Agul)
    5. Akhvakh (Axvax, Ashvado, ’Aqwalazul, Ghahvalal)
    6. Aleut, Mednyj (Attuan, Copper, Copper Island Aleut, Copper Island Attuan, Creolized Attuan, Medny)
    7. Altai, Northern (Telengit, Telengut, Teleut)
    8. Altai, Southern (Altai, Oirot, Oyrot)
    9. Alutor (Aliutor, Alyutor, Olyutor)
    10. Andi (Andii, Qwannab, Andiy, Qandisel)
    11. Archi (Archin, Archintsy, Arshashdib, Archsel, Archib)
    12. Avar (Avaro, Bolmac, Khundzuri, Maarul Dagestani)
    13. Azerbaijani, North
    14. Bagvalal (Bagulal, Bagvalin, Bagwalal, Barbalin, Kvanada, Kvanadin)
    15. Balkar (Karacaylar, Karachai, Karachaitsy, Karachay, Karachay-Balkar, Karachayla)
    16. Bashkort (Basquort, Bashkir)
    17. Bezhta (Bezhita, Bezheta, Bezhti, Bexita, Bechitin, Kapucha, Kupuca, Kapuchin, Kapuchin-Gunzib, Khvanal, Bazht’, Kiburabi, Bezhituri, Kapuchuri)
    18. Bohtan Neo-Aramaic
    19. Botlikh (Botlix, Buykhadi)
    20. Buriat
    21. Buriat, Russia (Buriat-Mongolian, Buryat, Northern Mongolian)
    22. Chamalal (Camalal, Chamalin)
    23. Chechen (Galancho, Nokchiin Muott, Nokhchiin)
    24. Chukchi (Chuchee, Chukcha, Chukchee, Chukot, Luoravetlan)
    25. Chulym (Chulim, Chulym Tatar, Chulym-Turkish, Melets Tatar)
    26. Chuvash (Bulgar)
    27. Dargwa (Dargi, Dargin, Dargintsy, Khiurkilinskii, Uslar)
    28. Dido (Cez, Didoi, Tsez, Tsezy, Tsuntin)
    29. Dolgan
    30. Domari
    31. Enets, Forest (Bay Enets, Pe-Bae, Yenisei Samoyedic)
    32. Enets, Tundra (Madu, Somatu, Yenisei Samoyedic)
    33. Erzya (Erzia, Mordvin, Mordvin-Erzya)
    34. Even (Eben, Ewen, Ilqan, Lamut, Orich)
    35. Evenki (Avanki, Avankil, Chapogir, Ewenki, Khamnigan, Solon, Tungus)
    36. Finnish
    37. Ghodoberi (Godoberi, Godoberin, Zibirkhali)
    38. Gilyak (Nivkh, Nivkhi)
    39. Hinukh (Ginukh, Ginukhtsy, Ginux, Hinux)
    40. Hunzib (Enzeb, Gunzib, Khunzal, Khunzaly, Xunzal)
    41. Ingrian (Izhor, Izhorian, Ingermanlandian, Inkeroiset)
    42. Ingush (Ghalghay, Ingus, Galgay, Kisti, Kistin)
    43. Itelmen (Itelymem, Kamchadal, Kamchatka, Western Itelmen)
    44. Judeo-Tat (Tati, Judeo-Tatic, Hebrew Tat, Jewish Tat, Bik, Dzhuhuric, Juhuri, Mountain Jewish, Lahji, Musulman Tats)
    45. Kabardian (Beslenei, East Circassian, Kabard, Kabardino-Cherkes, Kabardo-Cherkess, Upper Circassian)
    46. Kalmyk-Oirat (European Oirat, Kalmack, Kalmuck, Kalmuk, Kalmytskii Jazyk, Khalli, Oirat, Qalmaq, Volga Oirat, Western Mongolian)
    47. Karagas (Kamas, Karagass, Sayan Samoyed, Tofa, Tofalar)
    48. Karata (Karatin, Kirdi, Karatai)
    49. Karelian (Karel’skiy Jazyk, Karelian Proper, Karely, Severno-Karel’skij, Sobstvenno-Karel’skij-Jazyk)
    50. Kerek
    51. Ket (Imbatski-Ket, Yenisei Ostyak, Yenisey Ostiak)
    52. Khakas (Abakan Tatar, Khakhas, Khakhass, Hakass, Xakas, Yenisei, Yennisej Tatar)
    53. Khanty (Hanty, Khant, Khanti, Ostyak, Xanty)
    54. Khvarshi (Atl’ilqo, Khvarshin, Xvarshi)
    55. Komi
    56. Komi-Permyak (Kama Permyak, Komi-Perm, Komi-Permyat, Permyak)
    57. Komi-Zyrian (Komi)
    58. Korean
    59. Koryak (Chavchuven, Nymylan)
    60. Kumyk (Kumuk, Kumuklar, Kumyki)
    61. Lak (Kazikumukhtsy, Laki)
    62. Lezgi (Kiurinsty, Lezghi, Lezgian, Lezgin)
    63. Livvi-Karelian (Karelian, Livvi, Livvikovian, Livvikovskij Jazyk, Olonets, Southern Olonetsian)
    64. Ludian (Ludic, Lüüdi, Luudikiel, Lyudikovian, Lyudic)
    65. Mansi (Mansiy, Vogul, Vogulich, Voguly)
    66. Mari (Russia)
    67. Mari, Hill (Western Mari, Cheremis, Gorno-Mariy, High Mari, Mari-Hills)
    68. Mari, Meadow (Mari, Eastern Mari, Cheremis, Low Mari, Mari-Woods, Lugovo Mari)
    69. Moksha (Mokshan, Mordoff, Mordov, Mordvin-Moksha)
    70. Mongolian, Halh (Central Mongolian, Halh, Khalkha Mongolian, Mongol)
    71. Nanai (Gold, Goldi, Heche, Hezhe, Hezhen, Nanaj)
    72. Negidal (Neghidal, Negidaly)
    73. Nenets (Nenec, Nenetsy, Nentse, Yurak, Yurak Samoyed)
    74. Nganasan (Tavgi Samoyed, Nya)
    75. Nogai (Nogaitsy, Nogalar, Nogay, Noghai, Noghay, Noghaylar)
    76. Oroch (Orochi)
    77. Orok (Oroc, Uilta, Ujlta, Ulta)
    78. Romani, Vlax (Kalderash)
    79. Russian (Russki)
    80. Russian Sign Language
    81. Rutul (Chal, Mukhad, Mykhanidy, Rutal, Rutultsy, Rutuly)
    82. Saami, Akkala (Ahkkil, Babino, Babinsk)
    83. Saami, Kildin (“Kildin Lappish” , “Lapp” , Saam, Saami)
    84. Saami, Skolt (Kolta, “Lapp” , Lopar, “Russian Lapp” , Saam, Skolt, “Skolt Lappish”)
    85. Saami, Ter (“Lapp” , Saam, “Ter Lappish”)
    86. Selkup (Ostyak Samoyed, Shöl Khumyt, Northern Selkups, Chumyl’ Khumyt, Central Selkups, Syusugulla, Shösh Gulla)
    87. Serbian
    88. Shor (Aba, Kondoma Tatar, Kuznets Tatar, Mras Tatar, Shortsy, Tom-Kuznets Tatar)
    89. Tabassaran (Ghumghum, Tabasaran, Tabasarantsy)
    90. Tat, Muslim (Mussulman Tati)
    91. Tatar (Tartar)
    92. Tindi (Tindal, Tindin)
    93. Tsakhur (Caxur, Tsakhury, Tsaxur, Yiqny Miz)
    94. Tuva (Diba, Kök, Mungak, Soyod, Soyon, Soyot, Tannu-Tuva, Tofa, Tokha, Tuba, Tuvan, Tuvia, Tuvin, Tuvinian, Tyva, Uriankhai, Uriankhai-Monchak, Uryankhai)
    95. Udihe (Udegeis, Udehe, Udekhe)
    96. Udmurt (Votiak, Votyak)
    97. Ulch (Hoche, Hol-Chih, Olch, Olcha, Olchis, Ulcha, Ulchi, Ulych)
    98. Veps (“Chudy” , “Chuhari” , “Chukhari” , Vepsian)
    99. Vod (Vodian, Vote, Votian, Votic, Votish)
    100. Yakut (Sakha, Yakut-Sakha)
    101. Yukaghir, Northern (Jukagir, Northern Yukagir, Odul, Tundra, Tundre, Yukagir)
    102. Yukaghir, Southern (Jukagir, Kolym, Kolyma, Odul, Southern Yukagir, Yukagir)
    103. Yupik, Central Siberian (Asiatic Yupik, Bering Strait, “Eskimo” , Siberian Yupik, Yoit, Yuit, Yuk, Yupik)
    104. Yupik, Naukan (Naukan, Naukanski)

    Extinct languages :

    1. Slavonic, Old Church
    2. Kamas (Kamassian)
    3. Yupik, Sirenik (Old Sirenik, Sirenik, Sirenikski, Vuteen)
    4. Yugh (Yug)

     

    Russia (Europe only) (61 living languages)

    1. Abaza (Abazin, Abazintsy, Ashuwa)
    2. Adyghe (Adygei, Adygey, Circassian, Kiakh, Kjax, Lower Circassian, West Circassian)
    3. Aghul (Aghul-ch’al, Agul)
    4. Akhvakh (Axvax, Ashvado, ’Aqwalazul, Ghahvalal)
    5. Andi (Andii, Qwannab, Andiy, Qandisel)
    6. Archi (Archin, Archintsy, Arshashdib, Archsel, Archib)
    7. Avar (Avaro, Bolmac, Khundzuri, Maarul Dagestani)
    8. Bagvalal (Bagulal, Bagvalin, Bagwalal, Barbalin, Kvanada, Kvanadin)
    9. Balkar (Karacaylar, Karachai, Karachaitsy, Karachay, Karachay-Balkar, Karachayla)
    10. Bashkort (Basquort, Bashkir)
    11. Bezhta (Bezhita, Bezheta, Bezhti, Bexita, Bechitin, Kapucha, Kupuca, Kapuchin, Kapuchin-Gunzib, Khvanal, Bazht’, Kiburabi, Bezhituri, Kapuchuri)
    12. Botlikh (Botlix, Buykhadi)
    13. Chamalal (Camalal, Chamalin)
    14. Chechen (Galancho, Nokchiin Muott, Nokhchiin)
    15. Chuvash (Bulgar)
    16. Dargwa (Dargi, Dargin, Dargintsy, Khiurkilinskii, Uslar)
    17. Dido (Cez, Didoi, Tsez, Tsezy, Tsuntin)
    18. Domari
    19. Erzya (Erzia, Mordvin, Mordvin-Erzya)
    20. Finnish
    21. Ghodoberi (Godoberi, Godoberin, Zibirkhali)
    22. Hinukh (Ginukh, Ginukhtsy, Ginux, Hinux)
    23. Hunzib (Enzeb, Gunzib, Khunzal, Khunzaly, Xunzal)
    24. Ingrian (Izhor, Izhorian, Ingermanlandian, Inkeroiset)
    25. Ingush (Ghalghay, Ingus, Galgay, Kisti, Kistin)
    26. Judeo-Tat (Tati, Judeo-Tatic, Hebrew Tat, Jewish Tat, Bik, Dzhuhuric, Juhuri, Mountain Jewish, Lahji, Musulman Tats)
    27. Kabardian (Beslenei, East Circassian, Kabard, Kabardino-Cherkes, Kabardo-Cherkess, Upper Circassian)
    28. Kalmyk-Oirat (European Oirat, Kalmack, Kalmuck, Kalmuk, Kalmytskii Jazyk, Khalli, Oirat, Qalmaq, Volga Oirat, Western Mongolian)
    29. Karata (Karatin, Kirdi, Karatai)
    30. Karelian (Karel’skiy Jazyk, Karelian Proper, Karely, Severno-Karel’skij, Sobstvenno-Karel’skij-Jazyk)
    31. Khvarshi (Atl’ilqo, Khvarshin, Xvarshi)
    32. Komi
    33. Komi-Permyak (Kama Permyak, Komi-Perm, Komi-Permyat, Permyak)
    34. Komi-Zyrian (Komi)
    35. Kumyk (Kumuk, Kumuklar, Kumyki)
    36. Lak (Kazikumukhtsy, Laki)
    37. Lezgi (Kiurinsty, Lezghi, Lezgian, Lezgin)
    38. Livvi-Karelian (Karelian, Livvi, Livvikovian, Livvikovskij Jazyk, Olonets, Southern Olonetsian)
    39. Ludian (Ludic, Lüüdi, Luudikiel, Lyudikovian, Lyudic)
    40. Mari (Russia)
    41. Mari, Hill (Western Mari, Cheremis, Gorno-Mariy, High Mari, Mari-Hills)
    42. Mari, Meadow (Mari, Eastern Mari, Cheremis, Low Mari, Mari-Woods, Lugovo Mari)
    43. Moksha (Mokshan, Mordoff, Mordov, Mordvin-Moksha)
    44. Nogai (Nogaitsy, Nogalar, Nogay, Noghai, Noghay, Noghaylar)
    45. Romani, Vlax (Kalderash)
    46. Russian (Russki)
    47. Russian Sign Language
    48. Rutul (Chal, Mukhad, Mykhanidy, Rutal, Rutultsy, Rutuly)
    49. Saami, Akkala (Ahkkil, Babino, Babinsk)
    50. Saami, Kildin (“Kildin Lappish” , “Lapp” , Saam, Saami)
    51. Saami, Skolt (Kolta, “Lapp” , Lopar, “Russian Lapp” , Saam, Skolt, “Skolt Lappish”)
    52. Saami, Ter (“Lapp” , Saam, “Ter Lappish”)
    53. Serbian
    54. Tabassaran (Ghumghum, Tabasaran, Tabasarantsy)
    55. Tat, Muslim (Mussulman Tati)
    56. Tatar (Tartar)
    57. Tindi (Tindal, Tindin)
    58. Tsakhur (Caxur, Tsakhury, Tsaxur, Yiqny Miz)
    59. Udmurt (Votiak, Votyak)
    60. Veps (“Chudy” , “Chuhari” , “Chukhari” , Vepsian)
    61. Vod (Vodian, Vote, Votian, Votic, Votish)

     

     

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